The leading cause of teeth loss in the USA is due to periodontal disease. This gum disorder is a chronic infection of the gums and causes the loss of attachment of the tooth from its supporting structure. Continue read treating periodontal disease at home.
The gums are attached to the teeth by microscopic fibers and overlay the tooth bone similar to a protective cover. Where the gums and teeth meet there is a small space called the periodontal pocket, and it is in this place where periodontitis usually begins in the form of gingivitis.
The oral bacteria tend to gather in these pockets, commonly as a result of poor oral hygiene, and the gum begins to pull away from the tooth, causing the pocket to deepen, and allowing plaque and tartar to build up below the gum line.
This eventually leads to the infection of the bone supporting the tooth causing it to erode away. It is this bone loss which differentiates periodontitis from gingivitis where no bone loss occurs.
The treatment of periodontitis depends on the depth of the periodontal pocket. Measurements are taken by the periodontist at six locations around each tooth using a tiny blunt probe. If bleeding occurs, this is a good sign of inflammation of the pocket, and treatment will follow.
Treating periodontal disease at home
The degrees of severity of the periodontal disease can vary in intensity. It can be either chronic, insidious or episodic.
Chronic Periodontitis. This kind of disease can take many months to develop, it is a slow moving condition and cannot be fully diagnosed in its early stages. It can never be completely cured but is coped with and managed just like any other serious diseases like high blood pressure or diabetes. It is ongoing but manageable.
Insidious Periodontitis. Goes totally unnoticed by the person until it is in a very advanced stage, no early warning symptoms are given. The only way this form of the disease can be positively diagnosed is by a thorough periodontal examination.
Symptoms do appear very late on in the development of insidious periodontitis and include bleeding gums, loose teeth, abscesses, bad breath and a change in the ‘bite’ of the sufferer.
Episodic Periodontitis. Typically the episodic variety is not active continually. It acts intermittently and does not occur at all times and in all places in the mouth, four but seems to act in a random fashion at differing oral locations.
For this kind of periodontal diseases, the object is to control whichever infection is currently active and regularly monitor the patient for disease activity; this can continue throughout the life of the patient, the aim being to control the degree of bone loss and protect the teeth for as long as is practical.
Best treatment for periodontal disease
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